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Portrait of a baby and a dog on a ship. Image: Samuel Hood / ANMM Collection 00023789.

Portrait of a baby and a dog on a ship. Image: Samuel Hood / ANMM Collection 00023789.

Cats, dogs, monkeys and birds have been cherished on board ships for as long as people have made sea voyages. In a life from which children and families are usually missing, and are often very much missed, pets provide a focus for emotions and affection – although cats and dogs may have been expected to earn their keep catching mice and rats, too.

The prolific Sydney commercial photographer Sam Hood, who was active between 1900 and the 1950s, had a particular interest in recording the shipping that passed through our harbours. As well as making photographic portraits of the vessels, he boarded countless ships and took hundreds of photographs of crew members who purchased them as souvenirs or to send home to families.

In the early 1990s, the museum acquired Sam Hood’s entire maritime output of some 11,000 glass plate and nitrate negatives, which have been conserved and scanned to form one of our most valuable research collections. The 14 photographs on Flickr are the pick of Sam Hood’s studies of seafaring animals.

Nearly all the photographs are posed formal portraits. In some this imparts an appearance of solemnity both to person and pet. A dog sits within the encircling arm of a young British India Line officer on the ship Chindwara, both of them equally serious faced. A Japanese seaman on the Mitsui Line cargo ship Yahiko Maru poses with a litter of puppies nestling in a coiled line.

Two cats appear to be important inclusions in the portrait of the catering crew of the paddle steamer Newcastle, a ship that did the overnight run between Sydney and Newcastle for 40 years.

A ship’s cat balances in a fairlead high up the topsides of the famous Pamir, one of the last commercial sailing ships on world routes. The cargoes of grain that it hauled would have provided happy hunting grounds for hitchhiking rats and mice.


Ship’s officer with pet dog, posed at ship’s wheel. Image: Samuel Hood / ANMM Collection 00020309.

Every photograph shows a clear attachment between the people and their pets, right down to the bonneted baby perched on top of a deckhouse with a calm-faced woolly dog by its side. The child may have been part of the Captain’s family living on board the ship, which was not uncommon in this era.

— Patricia Miles, former Curator at the museum. This post is adapted from an article featured in Signals 82 (March–May 2008). 


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